Cannabinoid Molecular Structures


THCa-Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid

CBD-Cannabidiol, Properties

CBN-Cannabinol, Properties






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Analytical Chemistry - The area of chemistry concerned with measuring the various aspects of chemicals in a sample. Determining the cannabinoid content of cannabis requires requires application of analytical chemistry.
Know Your Alcohols: Ethanol (CH2OH) is the ONLY consumable alcohol. Poisonous methanol, MeOH, has the chemical formula CH3OH, smells sweet and is often superior to EtOH for extractions due to it's higher polarity and lower viscosity. Isopropyl, iPrOH, alcohol is rubbing alcohol (CH3)2CHOH). There are endless kinds of alcohols. We can consider water a type of alcohol and water is known to organic chemist as the "Universal Solvent". Most kinds of salts dissolve in water. Cannabinoids are not salts and only barely soluble in cold water, but they are somewhat soluble in alcohol/water mixtures.

Protein Sequences:

THC-A Synthase

CBD-A Synthase

Limonene Synthase





Cannabis Science Home | News Feed | About UsDonations | Glossary is dedicated to introducing budding cannabinoid scientists and cannabis researchers to some of the concepts and disciplines that educated potheads need in order to advance the science.

Enzymatic THC Synthesis! What's next, flying cars?

Chemical Ecology of Cannabis - David Pate

Chemical Composition of Cannabis - Volatile Components per Gas Chromatography:

Many of the listed compounds represent cannabinoids, flavonoids, various terpenes and other compounds that attribute flavor and aroma.

How did they do it? Gas Chromatography. There are many ways in the field of Spectroscopy to look at a molecule and each method has pros and cons.

Fundamentals of Chemistry - 1st year chemistry text

Marijuana Botany: An Advanced Study: The Propagation and Breeding of Distinctive Cannabis by Robert Connell Clarke CH1 CH2 CH3 CH4

Introduction to Stereochemistry - Molecular Geometry

High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) - Methods for analyzing cannabis

Volatile Oil Composition of Cannabis

Essential Oils of cannabis sativa

Cannabis Chemistry - A. Shulgin

Constituents of Cannabis & Analysis

Quality Evaluation of Cannabis from Netherlands

Polypharmaceutical Cannabis - Terpenes, Flavonoids & Cannabinoids, Oh My! -Great paper.

Cannabinoids and the Endocannabinoid System - Franjo Grotenhermen

Article: Memory-Enhancing Flavonoids

Journal Reference: Cannabis and Flavonoids

Biosynthesis of Cannabinoids - Journal Article

Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Urticales
Family Cannabaceae – Hemp family
Genus Humulus L. – hop
Species Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. – Japanese hop




Terpene 1 + Terpene 2 => Cannabinoid Structure



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